Founder of our Institute: Professor Ting-sui GE (T.S. K那)
The Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP) in Hefei, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), was founded by Professor T.S. K那, a worldwide well-known solid-state physicist and metallurgist, in March 1982.
T.S. K那 (3 May 1913 每 29 April 2000) was a professor, director and honorary director of the Institute of Solid State Physics in Hefei, and the member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He earned his B.S. in physics at Tsinghua University in Beijing in 1937, his M.S. in physics at Yenching University in Beijing, in 1940. He obtained his PhD in physics at the University of California at Berkeley, USA in 1943. During his career, he has been a staff member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, a research associate at the Institute for the Study of Metals, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, a visiting professor at the Max-Planck Institut f邦r Metallforschung in Stuttgart, Germany, and guest professor at Institut National des Sciences Appliqu谷es de Lyon (INSA Lyon) in France.
He is the inventor of the K那- type torsion pendulum (i.e. low-frequency torsion pendulum bears his name) and discoverer of the K那 grain-boundary internal friction peak in metals and metallic alloys. He also proposed the K那 grain-boundary model of disordered atomic groups.
The awards and honors conferred on T.S. K那 include citations for his valuable participation in the Manhattan Project and the Long-Range Radar Project. In 1989, Professor T.S. K那 was awarded the Zener Prize; the Gold Medal was conferred during Award Ceremony at the 9th International Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids. He was also awarded the HE Liang-HE Li Award for Progress in Science and Technology, the International Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996, the highest international award for Materials Technology: Victor K. LaMer Award in 1999. He was the recipient of the Institute of Metals Lecturer and Robert Franklin Mehl Award in 1999 for his pioneering and active work in the fields of internal friction, anelasticity, solid state physics, and metallurgy. He is the author of more than 240 publications in a wide range of fields in materials science and metallurgy.
Quote: "I started my research work on internal friction and anelastic relaxation in metals in 1945 at the University of Chicago, Institute for the Study of Metals and have some achievements in the study of grain-boundary relaxation and non-linear anelastic relaxation associated with the interaction between point defects and dislocations. This research continued when I returned to China in 1949 and made more advanced progress. The 1999 Institute of Metals Lecturer and Robert Franklin Mehl Award bestowed to me signifies the fruitful international scientific cooperation between the United States and China.§